This research is based on detailed qualitative data gathered from:

  • Surveys of frontline probation staff in the National Probation Service and a Community Rehabilitation Company (including Senior Probation Officers) across England: exploring participants’ perceptions of the impact of the response to Covid-19 on their health-related practice with people under supervision


  • Semi-structured interviews with people under probation supervision: exploring the impact of changes on participants’ health, access to healthcare, and experience of working with probation or health services to improve their health during the pandemic


  • Workshop and follow-up calls: initial findings will be shared with probation staff and NHS England in a workshop. Additional detail on some themes and/or practice innovations will then be sought from survey participants via telephone and/or email correspondence. Where additional detail will be sought will be determined through feedback at the workshop to ensure the findings are directly relevant to future probation practice